Firas Kadhim Hassooni
Education is the real key to renaissance and development, and it is the real solution to most of the problems that developing and underdeveloped countries suffer from. Education is the starting point on which advanced peoples have relied to achieve their renaissance. Among the leading models in the field of educational renaissance in the world today is the Swiss, Singaporean, and Finnish experience, which has become global models for adopting a quality system in education. According to local and international studies, research, and reports, the educational and learning reality in public education in Iraq faces many challenges and problems in the various educational and learning components. The most notable of these are the lack of school buildings, the requirement that curricula be reviewed on a regular basis, the inadequate preparation of educational and teaching bodies, and the outdated nature of teaching methods. Apart from the necessity of examining educational laws and other issues and difficulties. The issue of school buildings is becoming more prevalent every year as a result of ongoing construction that is not keeping up with actual demand, rising population proportions, and an increase in the number of students enrolling in schools, which has led to the Ministry of Education's requirement for (9,000) buildings. Regarding the traditional nature of teaching methods, many of our schools still rely on the techniques of memorization, indoctrination, and retrieval of information upon request, in addition to another aspect that involves following the prevalent patterns in lessons, exams, etc. This is despite the tremendous advancements in technology, the digital revolution, educational strategies, the explosion of knowledge, and scientific transformations. In terms of the curriculum, which is regarded as one of the three pillars of the educational process along with the teacher and the student and requires ongoing review in accordance with a precise scientific system, we find that up until recently, the majority of educational institutions relied on the outdated concept of the curriculum, which was defined as the textbook's content alone. However, the current concept is based on adopting additional curriculum elements, such as objectives, teaching strategies, activities, and evaluation techniques, in addition to the textbook's content. Additionally, the current curricula must adapt to meet the needs of the industry. The study drew upon the experiences of Switzerland, Singapore, and Finland and profited from it to improve the efficacy of the Iraqi educational system.
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