The official diplomatic relationship between China and Afghanistan has a half-century history. The Imperial Government of Afghanistan recognized the People's Republic of China in 5511, and diplomatic relations between Afghanistan and China were formally established. China did not recognize the Taliban Regime between "1005-5551", but until then had indirect relations with the Taliban through Pakistan. The main purpose of this study is to examine China's foreign policy towards Afghanistan after 1005. This research is written by the descriptive-analytical method. The results of the study show that China's attention to Afghanistan after 1005and China's entry into the political arena of Afghanistan, indicates China's foreign policy to play an active role in Afghanistan and activated its foreign policy towards the Afghan government and help for Reconstruction of Afghanistan. It also maintained a relationship with the Taliban to protect its economic interests in Afghanistan. Given China's geopolitical and proximity to Afghanistan, four important political, strategic, geographical, and economic features are important to China, and Beijing hopes to pursue its foreign policy with the Taliban government to further its interests after the withdrawal of US troops from Afghanistan.
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